Areas of Interest: 

Ethnopolitical sociology, nationalism, foreign policy, international relations, urban sociology, Southeast Asia, development studies, subaltern studies, social movements, existential sociology


PhD (2006): University of California, Santa Cruz: Sociology 

MA (2004): University of California, Santa Cruz: Sociology

MA (1997): San Jose State University: Sociology

BA (1992): Cal-Poly Pomona: Communications, English Minor

Out of respect for your ancestors, who at your age, tilled the land, milked their yaks, made their own clothes, and fed their families, I do not intend to write reference letters for students if their social media presence appears like the above examples. I will only recommend mature students to graduate programs.

It is important that all students represent themselves and our university in a mature, professional, and diginified fashion. There will come a time in your life when the worth of your character will be judged not by your words but by your actions, so act with integrity and dignity. The smartest people already use this modus operandi to quietly size up others. For all my students, I have already made this reality known to you, and as such, have given you a head start. Use such an ethos for pursuing excellence in your studies, not in qualifying for the beauty pageant that is social media. 

Please do a search on the damages upon the intellect and psychology of people who allow their sense of self-worth to be determined by strangers' emojis and likes. Too much data abound. Learn the art of walking your own path and do not be a conformist. Keep it real good people. Avoid the herd, for only dead fish go with the flow of the river.


Welcome to my home page. My journey into sociology started in 1992 when I began my  graduate studies, culminating with my arrival at my alma mater, Cal-Poly Pomona, in Fall 2007 to begin my tenure-track position. Although ethnically Chinese, I was born in Vientiane, Laos, and raised in Bangkok, Thailand, prior to our family's emigration from Thailand to the United States. I consider myself Thai-Chinese. 

Sociologically-Relevant Influences:

The Frankfurt School, Max Weber, Edward A. Tiryakian, Kurt H. Wolff, Jürgen Habermas, Anthony Giddens, Zygmunt Bauman, Albert Memmi, Frantz Fanon, W. E. B. Dubois, the Los Angeles School, Friedrich Nietzsche, Jorge Luis Borges, Murray Schafer, Ray Oldenburg, Pridi Banomyong, Damrong Rajanubhab, Lu Xun, Luo Guanzhong, Michel Foucault, Jean Baudrillard, Bernard Crettaz, Simone de Beauvoir, my parents, my siblings, and the Buddha (as philosopher). 

Top left: The large ruins of the Wat Phra Sri Sanphet complex at Ayutthaya (built 1448). Bottom right: Our university's iconic CLA building, courtesy of Mike_s_etc from Flickr. Bottom left: Casper David Friedrich's Wanderer above the Sea of Fog (1818).

© 2019