Areas of Interest: 

Ethnopolitical sociology, nationalism, foreign policy, international relations, urban sociology, Southeast Asia, development studies, subaltern studies, social movements, existential sociology


PhD (2006): University of California, Santa Cruz: Sociology 
MA (2004): University of California, Santa Cruz: Sociology
MA (1997): San Jose State University: Sociology
BA (1992): Cal-Poly Pomona: Communications, English Minor

Statement on Social Media:

Due to the epidemic of institutionalized narcissism and the damage inflicted upon elevated and refined thought, development of maturity, and mental health, I do not subscribe to recreational social media[< hyperlinks are for informational purposes only]

Out of respect for your ancestors, who at your age, tilled the land, milked their yaks, made their own clothes, and fed their families, I do not intend to write reference letters for students if their social media presence appears like the above examples. I will only serve as a reference for mature students on their career or graduate school paths.

It is important that all students represent themselves and our university in a mature, professional, and diginified fashion. There will come a time in your life when the worth of your character will be judged not by your words but by your actions, so act with integrity and dignity. The smartest people already use this modus operandi to quietly size up others. For all my students, I have already made this reality known to you, and as such, have given you a head start. Use such an ethos for pursuing excellence in your studies, not in qualifying for the beauty pageant that is social media. Stop being insecure and living for random strangers and their thoughts about you.

Please do a search on the damages upon the intellect and psychology of people who allow their sense of self-worth to be determined by strangers' emojis and likes. Too much data abound. Whistleblower and data scientist Frances Haugen's disclosure of former Facebook (now relabeled Meta) dynamics during October 2021 has only vindicated activists like ourselves who after many years of raising awareness, see social media as an outlet for hostility, a vector for narcissism, conformity, and mental illness. Let us call out recreational social media for what it is: the sewage system of culture. Learn the art of walking your own path–do not be a conformist. Keep it real good people. Avoid the herd, for only dead fish go with the flow of the river.

Choose your path...


Welcome to my home page. My journey into sociology started in 1992 when I began my  graduate studies, culminating with my arrival at my alma mater, Cal-Poly Pomona, in Fall 2007 to begin my tenure-track position. Although ethnically Chinese, I was born in Vientiane, Laos, and raised in Bangkok, Thailand, prior to our family's emigration from Thailand to the United States. I consider myself Thai-Chinese. 

Sociologically-Relevant Influences:

The Frankfurt School, Max Weber, Edward A. Tiryakian, Kurt H. Wolff, Jürgen Habermas, Anthony Giddens, Zygmunt Bauman, Albert Memmi, Frantz Fanon, W. E. B. Dubois, the Los Angeles School, Friedrich Nietzsche, Jorge Luis Borges, Murray Schafer, Ray Oldenburg, Pridi Banomyong, Damrong Rajanubhab, Lu Xun, Luo Guanzhong, Michel Foucault, Jean Baudrillard, Bernard Crettaz, Simone de Beauvoir, my parents, my siblings, and the Buddha (as philosopher). 

Top left: The large ruins of the Wat Phra Sri Sanphet complex at Ayutthaya (built 1448). 

Top right: Our university's iconic CLA building, courtesy of Mike_s_etc from Flickr.

Bottom left: Perhaps one of the less-appreciated albums by Led Zeppelin, Presence (1976), and its prescient iconography about blind acceptance of trends through the "object" (more Presence iconography); also, Casper David Friedrich's classic Wanderer above the Sea of Fog (1818).

© 2021